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Week Nine Science Warm Ups

1. Name the five phases of mitosis.

Answer: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, interphase

2. What do we call the division of the cytoplasm?

Answer: cytokinesis

3. In what type of cell division does the chromosome number reduce by one half and gametes form?

Answer: meiosis

4. Name the male and female gametes and the process that creates each of them.

Answer: female gametes - ova or eggs - oogenesis
male gametes - sperm - spermatogenesis

5. Explain the differences between mitosis and meiosis in relation to the daughter cells.

Answer: mitosis - two daughter cells that are identical to each other and the parent cell
meiosis - four daughter cells that contain a varying combination of chromosomes and that are not identical to the parent cells

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