1. Education

Archimedes - Mathematician and Inventor



287 BC, Syracuse, Sicily


212 BC, Syracuse, Sicily. He was killed by a Roman soldier during the looting of Syracuse.

Early Influences:

  • Father, Phidias, was an astronomer
  • Euclid, the Greek mathematician, was his teacher and mentor
  • Was the personal friend of Hiero, King of Syracuse.


  • Studied under Euclid at his school in Alexandria
  • Was also self taught

Major Accomplishments:

  • Proved the volume of a sphere is 2/3 the volume of a cylinder that circumscribes the sphere
  • Proved the principle of the lever through geometry
  • Credited with inventing the compound pulley
  • Invented the hydraulic screw
  • Invented the field of hydrostatics with the Archimedes' Principle
  • Calculated the value of PI between 3 1/2 and 3 10/71
  • Invented a miniature planetarium
  • Greatest invention was Integral Calculus


  • Coined the phrase "Eureka! Eureka!" (I have found it!)
  • Anticipated many of the discoveries of modern science
  • Helped to protect Syracuse from invading armies with his inventions
  • Considered to be one of the three greatest mathematicains of all time, along with Newton and Gauss


  1. About.com
  2. Education
  3. Secondary Education
  4. Curriculum Areas
  5. Science
  6. biography of Archimedes - mathematician and inventor

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.