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Archimedes - Mathematician and Inventor

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Birth:

287 BC, Syracuse, Sicily

Death:

212 BC, Syracuse, Sicily. He was killed by a Roman soldier during the looting of Syracuse.

Early Influences:

  • Father, Phidias, was an astronomer
  • Euclid, the Greek mathematician, was his teacher and mentor
  • Was the personal friend of Hiero, King of Syracuse.

Education:

  • Studied under Euclid at his school in Alexandria
  • Was also self taught

Major Accomplishments:

  • Proved the volume of a sphere is 2/3 the volume of a cylinder that circumscribes the sphere
  • Proved the principle of the lever through geometry
  • Credited with inventing the compound pulley
  • Invented the hydraulic screw
  • Invented the field of hydrostatics with the Archimedes' Principle
  • Calculated the value of PI between 3 1/2 and 3 10/71
  • Invented a miniature planetarium
  • Greatest invention was Integral Calculus

Significance:

  • Coined the phrase "Eureka! Eureka!" (I have found it!)
  • Anticipated many of the discoveries of modern science
  • Helped to protect Syracuse from invading armies with his inventions
  • Considered to be one of the three greatest mathematicains of all time, along with Newton and Gauss

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