1. Education

Winston Spencer Leonard Churchill - Statesman and Prime Minister

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Birth:

November 30, 1874, Blenheim Palace, London

Death:

January 24, 1965. Buried at Blenheim Palace

Early Influences:

  • According to his own account, he loved his Mother dearly, "but at a distance."
  • Was not close to his father, Lord Randolph
  • His nanny, Mrs. Everest, was a close friend throughout his life
  • Grew up as the son of a British noble

Education:

  • Attended private school from age of seven
  • Entered Harrow in 1888; later indicated he was not impressed with his education
  • Entered Sandhurst Royal Military College in 1893 after three attempts to pass the entrance test
  • Joined the army in 1895

Major Accomplishments:

  • Elected to Parliament as a Conservative in 1900
  • Joined the Liberal Party and became the president of the Board of Trade in 1904
  • Served as Under Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1906-08
  • Served in the military in France during World War I
  • Secretary of War 1918-21
  • Chancellor of the Exchequer 1924-29
  • Served as First Lord of Admiralty when World War II broke out
  • Prime Minister from 1940-45 and 1951-55
  • Knighted and awarded Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953 for his six volume history of World War II

Significance:

  • Became a national hero after his escape from captivity during the Boer War
  • Supported Edward VIII during his abdication despite the government's disapproval
  • Returned Britain to the gold standard while Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • Led Britain through World War II
  • Refused to make peace with Germany while Hitler was in power
  • With Roosevelt and Stalin, developed plan for victory over Germany
  • During a speech in 1946, warned of the expansive tendencies of the Soviet Union coining the term 'iron curtain'.

Contemporaries:

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