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Edgar Allan Poe - Poet and Short Story Writer

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Birth:

January 19, 1809, Boston, Massachusetts

Death:

October 7, 1849, Baltimore, Maryland

Early Influences:

  • Orphaned before the age of three
  • Raised by childless, wealthy couple - John and Frances Allan
  • After spending a year at the University of Virginia, his adopted father took him out of school because of his gambling debts

Education:

  • Attended boarding school in London
  • Finished school in Richmond, VA
  • Spent one year at the University of Virginia before stepfather pulled him out
  • Appointed to West Point from which he was later dismissed

Major Accomplishments:

  • Wrote about 50 poems including his most famous, "The Raven"
  • "The Fall of the House of Usher" (1839) - Short Story
  • "The Murder in the Rue Morgue" (1841) - Short Story
  • "The Masque of the Red Death" (1842) - Short Story
  • "The Pit and the Pendulum" (1842) - Short Story
  • "The Tell-Tale Heart" (1843) - Short Story

Significance:

  • Had a great influence on the short story genre
  • Virtually invented the detective story
  • Became a key figure in French literature

Contemporaries:

  1. About.com
  2. Education
  3. Secondary Education
  4. Curriculum Areas
  5. Language Arts
  6. Novels and Short Stories
  7. Edgar Allan Poe - Biography of Edgar Allan Poe

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