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Maximilien Robespierre - French Revolutionary Leader



May 6, 1758, Arras, France


July 28, 1794, Paris, France - Attempted suicide but was guillotined

Early Influences:

  • Mother died when very young
  • Abandoned by his father
  • Raised by maternal grandparents


  • Educated first by the Oratarians in Arras, France
  • Received a scholarship to the College Louis-le-Grande in Paris (1769)
  • Received law degree in 1781

Major Accomplishments:

  • Main prosecutor of King Louis XVI
  • Called for the execution of the King as a traitor to the people
  • Main leader of the Jacobin dictatorship
  • Elected to the Committee of Public Safety in 1793
  • Elected President of the Convention in 1794
  • Eliminated factions opposed to the Jacobins as endangering the community


  • Principal founder of democracy in France
  • Key leader in the French Revolution
  • Ushered in the Reign of Terror
  • Considered by many to be a tyrant, he believed that he was acting with moral virtue


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