Abraham Lincoln Photos:
Civil War and Assassination
By Melissa Kelly, About.com Guide
Abraham Lincoln was an extraordinary individual and a highly influential president. His election to the presidency in 1860 was soon followed by the secession of South Carolina from the Union. He took office on March 4, 1861. At that point, seven states had seceded from the Union. He stated in his inaugural address that while he did not have any plans to try and end slavery in the southern states, he would not accept secession. On April 12, 1861, the civil war officially began when shots were fired on the Union held Fort Sumter in South Carolina. Lincoln would lead the nation throughout the war. It would not end until April 9, 1865 when the South surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse.
Five days after the war ended, Lincoln was attending a play with his wife at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln from the stage before fleeing the playhouse. The president would die the next morning, April 15th. A number of people were found to be involved with the assassination. Booth was shot and killed on April 25th. However, his co-conspirators were captured. Four of them were hung: Lewis Payne, David Herold, George Atzerodt, and Mary Surratt.
The following images are excellent resources for social studies teachers to use in their classroom. The wartime pictures provide a fascinating glimpse of Lincoln with his generals. The other images relate to Lincoln's assassination and while gruesome can give students a greater depth to the information that they are learning.
Lincoln During the War
Lincoln had a rocky relationship with General George B. McClellan. They disagreed on a number of military issues. McClellan was removed as General-in-Chief by Lincoln, and instead placed in command of the Army of the Potomac. After the Battle of Antietam, McClellan would not pursue Confederate General Robert E. Lee's retreating forces. General McClernand was a close friend and ally of Lincoln's. He and Allan Pinkerton accompanied Lincoln on their visit to the Antietam battlefield.
Lincoln with General McClellan and others at Antietam
Lincoln seated with McClellan in tent
Lincoln with Allan Pinkerton and General McClernand - Close View
Lincoln with Pinkerton and McClernand - Side View
Photos Dealing With Lincoln's Assassination
Lincoln's assassination shocked the nation. While the not the first president to die in office, he was the first to be assassinated. The following images are from Ford's Theater and from his funeral procession.
Execution of the ConspiratorsA number of conspiracy theories have been floated about who was really behind Lincoln's assassination. Nine conspirators were arrested. One was acquitted, four were imprisoned, and four were executed. Mary Surratt was the first woman to ever have been executed by the US Federal government.
Empty scaffold with crowd before execution
Condemned conspirators on scaffold - Mrs. Surratt, Lewis Payne, David Herold, and George Atzerodt
Death warrant being read to the criminals
Adjusting the ropes for hanging
Hanging bodies, crowd leaving
Hanging bodies, closer view
Coffins and graves ready for conspirators
Men responsible for securing conspirators
Conspirator - Lewis Payne
Conspirator - David Herold
Conspirator - George Atzerodt